ROPES, ROPES SLINGS, LIFE LINES

APPLICABLE STANDARDS: EN 354 / EN1891


7L923, 7L92400010, 7L92500010, 7L926, 7L927, 7W133, 7W153, 7W154, 7W155, 7W157, 7W158, 7W159, 7W160, 7W163, 7W167, 7W168, 7W169, LA907

Carrying out regular periodic checks (at intervals predetermined by the manufacturer) is vital for ensuring the equipment’s efficiency and durability and the user’s safety. Carrying out periodical controls doesn’t relieve the user nor from the obligation to perform the controls before and after each use, neither to require an extraordinary periodic check, in case an outstanding event occurs (ex. a fall, even from a low height, a change of user etc.), or in case of doubts about the correct functioning of the device. Attention! The examiner, after carrying out the periodical check, has the responsibility of the good functioning of a PPE. The check must br performed with the highest accuracy, without haste and after completing all the necessary steps: this is the only way to avoid useless risks.

The regular periodic checks must be carried out:

  • every 12 months, with normal/standard use;
  • every 6 months in the case of intense use or in aggressive environments (ex. marine environment);
  • in case an anomaly has been found during the checks before and after each use;
  • every time there is a change of user;
  • filling in the sheet for the periodic check stated on the user’s instructions, or the one included in the present manual;
  • only by the manufacturer or by a skilled person authorized by the manufacturer.

The sheet for the periodic check must be completed:

  • following the instructions as described in the specific checking procedure of each device (check for latest updates on the site ppe.climbingtechnology.com);
  • consulting the photographs at the end of each procedure;
  • consulting the instructions for using the device, if necessary downloading them from: www.climbingtechnology.com;
  • examining the device in a suitable well-lit and tidy workshop.

The annul sheet for the periodic check is composed by a check list where the output of the ispection must be indicated, for each stage of the procedure:

OK
The device is in a good condition and it can be use safely.

TO BE DISCARDED
The device presents averaga / serious damages which jeopardize its primary functionalities and consequently must be removed from service. Indicate the detected damages in the box “NOTE”.

TO BE CHECKED
The device presents one or more small damages that don’t jeopardize its primary functionalities. Indicate the detected damages in the box “NOTES”.

REQUEST OF REPLACEMENT
It is found out that one replaceable part of the device is damaged or missing: indicate the anomaly in the box “NOTES”. At the end of the check, in case no other damages have been detected, if the replacement is carried out, il dispositivo potrà essere declared suitable, otherwise it will be removed from service. If not differently indicated, the replacement can be only performed by the manufacturer, by a technician trained by the manufacturer or by a competent person authorized by the manufacturer. The replaceable parts of each device, if present, are listed in the relevant checking procedure and indicated with their proper purchase code.

Note carefully!

  • Each device can be composed both by primary elements (having structural / safety functions) and by secondary elements (having accessory functions): upon examiner’s discretion, the damages existing on secondary elements could have less importance in causing the unsuitability of the device. The primary and secondary parts of each PPE are listed in the relevant checking procedure.
  • The information on the model, code, serial number, year of manufacture and applicable norm/standard(s) can be found on the device in the position shown in the instructions for use.
  • The service life of the device is indicated in the instructions for use which must be attached to the periodic check sheet.
  • Prior to the check the device should be adequately cleaned as described in the instructions for use. A dirty device can be declared unfit for use because it cannot be inspected properly

At the end of the checking procedure the device can be declares: FIT FOR USE, UNFIT FOR USE, TO BE CHECKED. In this last case, the slight defects, to which must be paid attention during the checks before and after use, shall be indicated in the notes. The examiner can decide, at its discretion, to schedule the successive periodical control of the device within a shorter lapse of time than the forecasted 12 or 6 months.

Checking procedures

Nomenclature

PRIMARY ELEMENTS: sheath, core, loops at the end of ropes and rope slings

SECONDARY ELEMENTS: thimble eye

REPLACEABLE PARTS: /

1) HISTORY AND GENERAL CHECK

1.1 – Check the existence and the readability of the marking details, in particular the CE symbol and the applicable EN norm/standard.

1.2 – Check that device has not exceeded the storage and/or in-use lifetime.

1.3 – Check that the device is intact and no parts are missing (check against a new product).

1.4 – Check that the device has not been modified outside the factory or serviced in a non-approved centre.

1.5 – Check that the device has not experienced an exceptional event (e.g. fall from height, violent blow, etc.). Even in the absence of visible defects or deterioration, the original strength could be seriously reduced.

2) VISUAL CHECK

2.1 – CHECKING THE SHEATH

  • Examine the full length of the rope to make sure there are no cuts, abrasions, threads unravelling, wear, corrosion or traces of chemical substances on the sheath. Make sure that areas hidden by rotection sheaths etc are examined. Pay attention, at the ends, to make sure there are no areas with bunching/wrinkles, or missing or exposed core.

2.2 – CHECKING THE CORE

  • Examine the full length of the rope to make sure there are no soft, rigid, or separated sections and no hernias (where the core pokes out). Make sure that areas hidden by protection sheaths etc are examined.
  • If you can feel anomalies, bend the rope at these points into curves of varying radius to make sure it bends uniformly. The presence of sharp angles or deformations can mean that the core is broken or damaged.

2.3 – CHECKING LOOPS AT THE END OF ROPES AND ROPE SLINGS

  • ROPE – make sure there are no cuts, abrasions, threads unravelling, wear, corrosion or traces of chemical substances.
  • PROTECTION SHEATHS – Check the sheath is not damaged and that there are no cuts, cracks or chemical substances on it.
  • SEWN JOINS – Make sure there are no cut or loose thread, wear, abrasions, corrosion or traces of chemical substances.
  • THIMBLE EYE (IF PRESENT) – Check not damaged and that there are no cuts, cracks or chemical substances on it.

2.4 – NOTE CAREFULLY!

  • If the rope with the loop is part of a PPE system, the cord may be replaced with another rope of the same model and of the same diameter and possibly of a different length. Such a replacement must be recorded in the inspection sheet for the device or system.

3) FUNCTIONAL CHECK

3.1 – DIMENSIONAL CHECK

  • ROPE – Measure the length of the rope to make sure that it is the same as shown on the label.
  • DIAMETER – Measure the diameter of the rope with a diameter gauge to verify that the actual diameter corresponds to what is reported on the label. If the rope with loops is part of a PPE system, make sure that the diameter shown on the label is compatible with what is written on the labelling of the other device(s) (e.g. descender, guided anti-fall device).

3.2 – CHECKING CONNECTOR (IF PRESENT)

  • Check the condition of the connector following the corresponding inspection procedure and the instructions for use.

Photo doc.

OK The device is in a good condition and it can be use safely.
TO BE DISCARDED The device presents averaga / serious damages which jeopardize its primary functionalities and consequently must be removed from service. Indicate the detected damages in the box “NOTE”.
TO BE CHECKED The device presents one or more small damages that don’t jeopardize its primary functionalities. Indicate the detected damages in the box “NOTES”.
REQUEST OF REPLACEMENT It is found out that one replaceable part of the device is damaged or missing: indicate the anomaly in the box “NOTES”. At the end of the check, in case no other damages have been detected, if the replacement is carried out, il dispositivo potrà essere declared suitable, otherwise it will be removed from service. If not differently indicated, the replacement can be only performed by the manufacturer, by a technician trained by the manufacturer or by a competent person authorized by the manufacturer. The replaceable parts of each device, if present, are listed in the relevant checking procedure and indicated with their proper purchase code.
  • Protection sheath ripped and stitching torn.


    Protection sheath ripped and stitching torn.


  • Sheath with medium/high level of wear.


    Sheath with high level of wear.


  • Sheath extremely worn, core strands visible.


    Rope with “hernia”, i.e. a noticeable deformation of
    the core which can be seen and felt.


  • Rope with clear signs of having been crushed.


    Rope with clear signs of having been crushed.


  • Rope with clear signs of contact with hot object.


    Rope with clear signs of contact with hot object.


  • Sheath extremely damaged, the core strands are visible.


    Sheath extremely damaged, the core strands are visible.


  • Sheath with clear signs of having been burnt.


    Sheath completely burnt so that core protrudes.


  • Significant wear of protection sheath and of stitching underneath.


    Clear signs of sheath “melting” due to heat generated by friction.

  • Rope dirty with obvious deposits of paint.


    Rope dirty with obvious deposits of paint.


  • Marking unreadable due to paint.


    Protection sheath worn, identification label unreadable.


  • Sheath only slightly coloured by chemical substances (oil, grease etc).


    Sheath discoloured by chemical substances (oil, grease etc).


  • Internal hernia, swelling of core visible.


    Clear signs of burning due to proximity to a source of heat.


  • Rope worn near the terminal loop.


    Rope worn near the terminal loop.


  • Label missing, rope very damaged at this point.


    Sheath with medium level of wear.


  • Sheath with high level of wear.


    Sheath with extreme level of wear, core strands visible.


  • Rope with inclined stitchings: this indicates that the rope was subjact to an outstanding event (for ex. overload, heavy fall, etc.).